A framework of agreed rules on jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments allows people to enforce their rights across different legal jurisdictions. It ensures that those involved in cross-border trade and transactions are protected and have access to justice if something goes wrong, regardless of their financial resources. 

Just seven days before the Brexit transition period ended, the UK and EU reached a trade and cooperation agreement. However, there was no agreement on civil and commercial judicial cooperation. Effectively, the UK has lost many of the civil judicial cooperation benefits which it enjoyed as a member of the EU. So, what is the practical significance of this?

Pre-Brexit framework&nb...

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